Following the end of the war, on September 2nd, 1945, Ho Chi Minh officially declared Vietnam a nation independent of French Colonial rule and announced the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). It is technically Independence Day, but more commonly known as National Day.
Following several incursions into Vietnam by the French from the 1850s, Vietnam became part of French Indochina in 1887. During World War II, it was occupied by Japan. After Japan surrendered to the allies in 1945, France wanted its colony of Vietnam returned. However, Ho Chi Minh, the leader of the Viet Minh resisted and declared independence. While this was officially announced in 1945, the French hung on until 1954. Then the American War between the Communist North and US-aligned South followed, so it wasn’t until 1975 that a fully independent, united nation was realized. However, September 2, 1945 still marks an important day of sovereignty and independence for Vietnamese people.
When is Vietnam National Day?
This holiday is celebrated annually on September 2nd.
How is Vietnam National Day Celebrated?
Like Reunification Day, Vietnam National Day carries a lot of pride and patriotism. The national flag of Vietnam is displayed and large posters of Ho Chi Minh (also known as Uncle Ho) are put up. Across the country, there are speeches, parades and fireworks. A big celebration march also takes place at Ba Dinh Square in Hanoi where the Declaration of Independence was made.
In the words of Ho Chi Minh: “For these reasons, we, members of the Provisional Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, solemnly declare to the world that Vietnam has the right to be a free and independent country – and in fact is so already.”